EFFESUS is divided into 10 Work Packages. The work flow is as follows:
Work Package 1 – European building and urban stock structured categorization and multiscale data management model
The main objective of Work Package 1 is to develop a data model for the assessment and management of energy in historic cities. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Identification and collection of existing data relating to the energy efficiency upgrade of the historic urban building stock in Europe (incl. climate; building materiality, typology and use; heritage protection status), using available data, statistical analysis and low cost data acquisition;
- Establishment of impact indicators for the implementation of new technologies in historic buildings and districts;
- Identification and evaluation of European national policies on legislation related to energy efficiency, environment and cultural heritage;
- Development of a structured categorisation method of the EU building stock by collating the collected data as a framework to ensure the transferability of the developed technologies and systems under different climate conditions. For this purpose standardised measurement and evaluation systems for buildings, climate zone, areas, roads and places will be used;
- Development of a multiscale data model for the energy assessment and management at district scale (CityGML), with characteristic components of historic building types and urban districts.
Work Package Leader: UU
Work Package 2 – Repository on existing and replicable technologies for energy efficiency improvement in historic buildings and districts
The main objective of Work Package 2 is to develop a repository on existing and replicable technologies and systems in use or near application for the energetic retrofit of historic buildings and districts, suitable for cultural heritage. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Evaluation and characterization of existing technologies, systems and tools –in-use or near-application– for the retrofit of historic buildings and districts;
- Evaluation and characterization of existing technologies, systems and tools –in-use or near-application– for supplying renewable energy within historic districts;
- Collection of best practice examples considering intervention at building and district scale and relevant initiatives;
- Recovering of old architectural solutions and strategies for the energy man-agement in historic buildings (passive retrofit);
- Design and development of a repository collating existing technologies, systems and architectural solutions suitable for historic buildings and districts.
Work Package Leader: D´APPOLONIA
The main objective of Work Package 3 is to adapt existing solutions at building and district level based on smart metering, management, control and integration strategies and technologies to improve the energy efficiency in historic cities. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Development of strategies for matching supply and demand for heat, cooling and electricity taking into account historic buildings and user needs in terms of energy, comfort and conservation. The tool for the analysis at district scale will be a dynamic geographical information system that could later be integrated into the DSS software tool;
- Optimisation and adaptation of a specific smart grid that meets the needs and requirements of historic cities and which is connected with the energy saving intelligent management system that maximizes the coverage of heat and electricity demands by locally generated energy;
- Optimisation and adaptation of energy storage technology in historic buildings and at district level;
- Improvement of moisture and thermal properties of original windows;
- Development of optimized and intelligent indoor climate solutions, with special attention to energy efficient strategies, specific requirements of historic buildings and thermal comfort for its occupants.
Work Package Leader: FRAUNHOFER
The main objective of Work Package 4 is to develop materials especially designed for the retrofit of historic buildings. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Development of a new, costeffective radiation selective coating for outdoor applications, compatible with façade and roofing materials of historic buildings, to reduce the transfer of heat through the building envelope;
- Development of advanced aerogel insulation for blow-in application allowing to optimise the insulation’s performance both in terms of the space used and the reversibility of intervention;
- Development of a new insulating mortar compatible with historic buildings façades as well as being able to reduce the transfer of heat through the envelope;
- Laboratory and outdoor test applications of the above listed materials under extreme weather conditions and assessments of their properties as well as their long term durability.
Work Package Leader: GOUAS
The main objective of Work Package 5 is to establish the conceptualisation, result integration and strategies for an overall methodology to assess energy interventions in cultural heritage both at building and district level. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Development of the conceptual preparation of the results by designing the strategy for the integration of the project results to offer a strategic decision support;
- Definition of transferable models based on the European building stock categorization and the results of the case studies;
- Development of the interconnection between district, building and components level;
- Design of the methodological framework including technical parameters, economic condition, evaluation criteria and legislation framework. The intended purpose is to guide the selection and prioritisation of interventions by developing a methodology for the identification of the best solutions for the decision-making at building and urban scales.
Work Package Leader: TECNALIA
The main objective of Work Package 6 is to develop the DSS, a software tool and the main output of the project. It will combine all main results of the project, i.e. the multiscale data management model, the energy efficiency solution repository, the solutions adapted or developed in Work Packages 3 and 4 as well as the results of the case study demonstration. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Development of the architecture of a friendly use software tool
- Development of the DSS software tool by integrating the multiscale data model, the European building stock categorisation database, the historic district geo-graphical information system and the energy efficiency solution repository;
- Development of the content management and the advanced visualisation of the tool;
- Validation of the system from the functional and usability points of view as well as from its economic perspectives.
Work Package Leader: I2S
The main objective of Work package 7 is to demonstrate the performance of new or adapted developments in real cases in one existing district and four existing buildings. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Monitoring and Evaluation of the district/building performance before the renovation;
- Installation, commissioning and startup of the developed systems in the district and the four buildings
- Performances evaluation after the interventions.
Work Package Leader: ACCIONA
The main objective of Work Package 8 is to carry out a full economic and environmental evaluation and market potential of the developed technologies and to develop consistent new evaluation criteria and marketing strategies to reach the potential market. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Undertaking an economic evaluation to promote the commercial exploitation of the developed technologies through industrial partners;
- Overcoming of standardisation and regulatory barriers related to energy efficiency and conservation;
- Collection of existing energy certification assessment rating schemes and to se-lect the most suitable one for adaptation to cultural heritage buildings requirements;
- Development of a new certification system scheme, based on existing ones and by considering cultural values;
- • Quantifying the future impact on energy use, carbon emission, cultural value and economic impact through scenario simulation/evaluation (both EU and dis-trict scale) and undertaking of a life-cycle analysis of the technologies developed applicable to cultural heritage.
Work Package Leader: HOR-BER
The main objective of Work Package 9 is to develop a comprehensive dissemination strategy which will be rolled out during the time of the project to ensure a widespread use of the project outputs. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Development and implementation of targetgroup specific concepts for stakeholder dialogue on municipal, national and European level
- Public awareness raising by communication among stakeholders and decision makers throughout the whole supply and value chain across Europe;
- Dissemination to the scientific community;
- Design and implementation of education strategies, training and lectures for students, craftsmen, consultants, stakeholders, house owners, service engineers and interested individuals;
The dissemination strategy will be updated and deployed during project life and beyond.
Work Package Leader: FRAUNHOFER
The main objective of Work Package 10 is to perform the overall coordination of the project and the coordination among the different Work Packages. It will be achieved by the following partial tasks:
- Establishment of communication flow and methods between the consortium and the European Commission;
- Project monitoring;
- Establishment of the decision-making strategies and contingency plans;
- Managing the knowledge and intellectual property rights.
Work Package Leader: TECNALIA